Working Bibliography: Tragedy: Classical, Modern, Postmodern


BOOKS on Reserve at the GC Library:

Abdulla, Adnan K. Catharsis in Literature. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1985. Print.

Allen, Graham. Intertextuality. London and New York: Routledge, 2000. Print.

Allende, Isabel. “Writing as an Act of Hope.” In Zinsser 1989, 41 – 63. Print.

Barthes, Roland. “The Death of the Author.” Image, Music, Text. Ed./Trans. Stephen Heath. New York: Hill and Wang, 1978. Print.

Belsey, Catherine and Jane Moore, eds. The Feminist Reader: Essays in Gender and the Politics of Literary Criticism, 2nd edition. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 1997. Print.

Benjamin, Walter. Illuminations. Intro. Hannah Arendt. New York: Schocken Books, 1968. Print.

Butler, Judith. Antigone’s Claim. New York: Columbia UP, 2002. Print.

—. Excitable Speech: A Politics of the Performative. London and New York: Routledge, 1997. Print.

Carson, Anne. Grief Lessons: Four Plays by Euripides. New York: NYRB Classics, 2008. Print.

Cleary, Joseph. Outrageous Fortune: Capital and Culture in Modern Ireland. Dublin: Field Day Publications, 2007. Print.

—. Literature, Partition and the Nation-State: Culture and Conflict in Ireland, Israel and Palestine. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2002. Print.

Devlin, Anne. The Way Paver. New York: Faber and Faber, 1988. Print.

Dubus, Andre. Selected Stories. New York: Vintage, 1996. Print.

Eagleton, Terry. Sweet Violence: The Idea of the Tragic. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 2003. Print.

Eliot, George. “The Antigone and Its Moral.” George Eliot: Essays. Ed. Thomas Pinney. New York: Columbia UP, 1963. Print.

Foucault, Michel. “What is an Author?” The Foucault Reader. Ed. Paul Rabinow. New York: Vintage Books, 2010. Print.

Genette, Gérard. Palimpsests: Literature to the Second Degree. Trans. Chana Newman et al. University of Nebraska Press, 1997. Print.

Hughes, Langston. The Ways of White Folks. New York: Vintage, 1990. Print.

Hume, David. “Of Tragedy.” Four Dissertations. Hampshire: Ecco Print, 2011. Print.

Hutcheon, Linda. The Politics of Postmodernism. London and New York: Routledge, 1989. Print.

Jaspers, Karl. Tragedy Is Not Enough. Boston: The Beacon Press, 1952. Print.

Kanafani, Ghassan. Men in the Sun and Other Palestinian Stories. Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1999. Print.

Kristeva, Julia. “Word, Dialogue and Novel.” The Kristeva Reader. Ed. Toril Moi. New York: Columbia UP, 1986. Print.

Lukács, Georg. Theory of the Novel. (Chapters One and Two, 1914) Marxist Literary Criticism: ( ) Accessed 27 August 2017. (the book should also be on reserve)

Morrison, Toni. Lecture and Speech of Acceptance, Upon the Award of the Nobel Prize for Literature… New York and Toronto: Alfred A. Knopf, 1994. Print.

—. Playing in the Dark: Whiteness and the Literary Imagination. New York: Vintage Books, 1992. Print.

—. “The Site of Memory.” In Zinsser 1998, 185 – 200. Print.

Nietzsche, Friedrich. The Birth of Tragedy and Other Writings. Eds. Raymond Geuss and Ronald Spiers. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge UP, 1999. Print.

O’Neill, Eugene. Complete Plays. New York: Literary Classics, 1988. Print.

Rushdie, Salman. Imaginary Homelands: Essays and Criticism, 1981 – 1991. New York: Penguin Books, 1992. Print.

Sophocles. Antigone. New York: Oxford UP, 1973. Print.

Spivak, Gayatri. “Three Women’s Texts and a Critique of Imperialism.” In Belsey and Moore 1997, 148 – 163. Print.

Steiner, George. The Death of Tragedy. New Haven and London: Yale UP, 1996. Print.

Toíbín, Colm. House of Names. New York: Scribner, 2017. Print.

Williams, Raymond. Modern Tragedy. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1966. Print.

Williams, Jr., Robert A. Savage Anxieties: The Invention of Western Civilization. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2012. Print.

Worton, Michael and Judith Still. Intertextuality: Theories and Practices. Manchester and New York: Manchester UP, 1990. Print.

Zinsser, William, ed. The Art and Craft of the Political Novel. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1989. Print.

—. Inventing the Truth: The Art and Craft of Memoir. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1998. Print.


FILMS on Reserve at the GC Library:

Isabel Coixet, dir. My Life Without Me (Sony Pictures, 2004)
Lars von Trier, dir. Dancer in the Dark (Warner, 2000)
Todd Field, dir. In the Bedroom (Miramax, Lionsgate 2002)
Kenneth Branagh, dir. Hamlet (Warner, 1996)
Spike Lee, dir. Bamboozled (New Line, 2001)
Spike Lee, dir. Do the Right Thing (Universal, 1998)

–Some Media on the original form of Greek tragedy:

-An interesting video on the performance of classical tragedy and a reading of Oresteia:

Staging Classical Tragedy. Films For The Humanities & Sciences, 1982. Theatre in Video: Volume I. Web. 12 Aug. 2017.

-The Oresteia as originally performed (a British production, in English) on video:

Agamemnon. Dir. Sir Peter Hall. Films For The Humanities & Sciences, 1983. Theatre in Video: Volume I. Web. 12 Aug. 2017.

Choephori. Dir. Sir Peter Hall. Films For The Humanities & Sciences, 1983. Theatre in Video: Volume I. Web. 12 Aug. 2017.

Eumenides. Dir. Sir Peter Hall. Films For The Humanities & Sciences, 1983. Theatre in Video: Volume I. Web. 12 Aug. 2017.

-To view these videos, use this URL, log in to your GC account:

Published on Alexander Street (


CRITICISM (mostly): Articles and Essays – follow links:

Bacon, Helen H. “The Furies’ Homecoming.” Classical Philology, vol. 96, no. 1, 2001, pp. 48–59. JSTOR, Accessed 27 August 2017.

Bradley, Andrew. “Hegel’s Theory of Tragedy.” Accessed 3 April 2017.

Brecht, Bertolt. “Speech at the Second Congress of Writers for the Defense of Culture.” (1937) Marxist Literary Criticism: ( ) Accessed August 26 2017.

Brown, Terence. “Translating Ireland.” Krino 7 (1989): 1 – 4. Print. (handout)

Chou, Mark. “Postmodern Dramaturgy, Premodern Drama: The Global Resurgence of Greek Tragedy Today.” Journal for Cultural Research, vol. 15, no. 2, Apr. 2011, pp. 131-152. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/14797585.2011.574053. Accessed 12 August 2017.

Cixous, Helene. “Shakespeare Ghosting Derrida.” Oxford Literary Review, Vol. 34, No. 1 (2012): 1 – 24. Print. (handout)

Coundouriotis, E. “Things of Poverty and War: Ben Okri and Thing Theory.” Callaloo, vol. 38 no. 5, 2015, pp. 1087-1099. Project MUSE, doi:10.1353/cal.2015.0141 Accessed 12 August 2017.

DeLange, A. and A. Combrink. “The Matrix and the Echo: Intertextual re-modelling in Stoppard’s ‘Rozencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead.’” Literator (online), Vol 12, No. 2 (May 1991): 69+ ( ). Accessed 28 August 2017.

Dunbar, Erica Armstrong. “George Washington, Slave Catcher.” The New York Times, Feb. 16 2015, catcher.html. Accessed 6 July 2017.

Hafi, Fethia El. “Punished Bodies in Soyinka’s The Bacchae of Euripides and Morrison’s Beloved.” Journal of Black Studies, vol. 41, no. 1, 2010, pp. 89–107. JSTOR, Accessed 12 August 2017.

Foucault, Michel. “Of Other Spaces.” Diacritics, vol. 16, no. 1, 1986, pp. 22–27. JSTOR, Accessed 27 August 2017.

Franco, D. J. “What We Talk about When We Talk about Beloved.” MFS Modern Fiction Studies, vol. 52 no. 2, 2006, pp. 415-439. Project MUSE, doi:10.1353/mfs.2006.0045 Accessed 12 August 2017.

Gourdine, Angeletta Km. “Hearing Reading and Being ‘Read’ by Beloved.” NWSA Journal, vol. 10, no. 2 (1998), pp. 13–31. JSTOR, Accessed 12 August 2017.

Hutcheon, Linda. “Literary Borrowing…and Stealing: Plagiarism, Sources, Influences, and Intertexts.” English Studies in Canada, Vol. XII, No. 2 (June 1986): 229 – 239. Print. (handout)

Kallendorf, Hilaire. “Intertextual Madness in ‘Hamlet’: The Ghost’s Fragmented Performativity.” Renaissance and Reformation / Renaissance Et RéForme, vol. 22, no. 4, 1998, pp. 69–87. Print. (handout)

Kliger, Ilya. “Dostoevsky and the Novel-Tragedy: Genre and Modernity in Ivanov, Pumpyansky, and Bakhtin.” PMLA, vol. 126, no. 1, 2011, pp. 73–87. JSTOR, Accessed 12 August 2017.

Krutch, Joseph. “The Tragic Fallacy.” The Atlantic Monthly, November 1928, Accessed 15 July 2017.

Miller, Arthur. “Tragedy and the Common Man.” The New York Times (online), 27 February 1949, Accessed 3 April 2017.

Rijswijk, Honni van. “The Poetics and Politics of Past Injuries: Claiming in Reparations Law and in Toni Morrison’s Beloved.” Whither Human Rights, Law and Society Association of Australia and New Zealand Conference, December 10 – 12 2008, University of Sydney, Sydney Australia. Accessed 12 August 2017.

Roynon, Tessa. “A New ‘Romen’ Empire: Toni Morrison’s Love and the Classics.” Journal of American Studies, vol. 41, no. 1, 2007, pp. 31–47. JSTOR, Accessed 12 August 2017.

Schappell, Elissa. “Toni Morrison: The Art of Fiction, No. 134.” Paris Review, Vol. 128 (1993): 83 – 125. ( ) Accessed 12 August 2017.

Schleiner, Louise. “Latinized Greek Drama in Shakespeare’s Writing of ‘Hamlet.’” Shakespeare Quarterly, vol. 41, no. 1, 1990, pp. 29–48. JSTOR, Accessed 27 August 2017.

Shea, Megan. “Clytemnestra’s Net: Aeschylus’ Oresteia and the Text of Tapestries.” Journal of Dramatic Theory and Criticism (online), Vol. XXII, No. 2 (Spring 2008): 41+ ( ) Accessed 27 August 2017.

Shead, Jackie. “The Return of the Native and Greek Tragedy: Jackie Shead Examines the Novel’s Affinities with Greek Tragedy.” The English Review, Vol. 16, No. 2 (2005): 27+. General One File, Accessed 24 April 2017.

Weisgerber, Jean. “The Use of Quotations in Recent Literature.” Comparative Literature, Vol. 22, No. 1, 1970, pp. 36–45. JSTOR, Accessed 12 August 2017.

Wolfe, J. “Ten minutes for Seven Letters”: Song as Key to Narrative Revision in Toni Morrison’s Beloved.” Narrative, vol. 12 no. 3, 2004, pp. 263-280. Project MUSE, doi:10.1353/nar.2004.0016 Accessed 12 August 2017.

Wyatt, Jean. “Giving Body to the Word: The Maternal Symbolic in Toni Morrison’s Beloved.” PMLA, vol. 108, no. 3, 1993, pp. 474–488. JSTOR, Accessed 12 August 2017.

Zola, Émile. “The Experimental Novel.” (1893) ( ) Accessed 26 August 2017.

A few useful links:

–A nifty, accurate guide to literary theory from Purdue U:

–Also from Purdue, their online summary of the MLA style guide:  (be sure to double check, for ex., all the citations listed in the bibliography; they were copied from the databases where I found the articles, and many of them are not actually completed acc. to current MLA guidelines.)

–See the folder “My Notes” on our Commons page for more backgrounds info:


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